Tagged: SMB

How to find the presence of WannaCry Ransomware and SMB v1.0 Servers running on your Windows Network.

First and foremost make sure that you are running backups. The traditional backup system is called Grandfather, Father, and Son. The Son backup set is created Daily. The Father backup set is created Weekly. The Grandfather backup set is created Monthly. If the Daily backup set has problems, then you have fallback options. At most you should only lose one day’s worth of data input, which normally can be reentered or recreated.

Click on this link to visit the SANS Institute InfoSec Reading Room, to D/L their helpful PDF about backup sets, titled “Backup Rotations – A Final Defense”.

Next, please make sure that you have installed Microsoft’s patches (see the bottom of this post for links) on your Windows Servers. and all Windows based Workstations. Do not forget about patching Portable Notebook Computers running Windows, as they may not always be connected to your network. This includes Apple Mac Equipment, which may be virtually running Windows.

Click on this link to view a map of the spread of the WannaCry Ransomware attack – so far over 230,000 computers have been hit.

As a further precaution, I would check your Windows Servers and Windows based Workstations to ensure that SMB v1.0 has been disabled.

For Windows based Workstations and Notebooks: Open Control Panel. Scroll down to and click Programs. Next click Turn Windows features on or off. In the Windows Features window, Scroll to find the SMB 1.0/CFIS File Sharing Support line. Make sure to clear the checkbox on the SMB1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support line. Click OK. Now restart the Windows based computer or notebook.

For Windows Server Operating Systems: Open Server Manager. Find and click on the and then click the Manage menu. Next select Remove Roles and Features. In the Features window, scroll down and find and clear the SMB1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support check box. Click OK to close the window. Restart the Windows  Server.

Once your Windows Server-based Network is back up and running, start your Network Monitoring tool(s) and Packet Sniffing tool(s). Wireshark is well known. Microsoft Message Analyzer is the replacement for Microsoft’s Network Monitor. SmartSniff is another one. NAST (Network Analyzer Sniffer Tool)  is popular. Capsa Free Network Analyzer allows you to monitor over 300 different protocols.

Click on this link to visit Microsoft’s Technet website to view their post titled: “Microsoft Message Analyzer Operating Guide”.

You should be looking out for the some of the followingUse of file sharing protocol versions, especially SMB v1.0. Activity spikes, like File Renames or New File Creation. Multiple Workstations connecting to the same external IP address.

Keep an eye out for instances of the file@Please_Read_Me@.txton your file shares. Also check for any instances of files with these extensions:.wnry,.wcry,.wncryand.wncryt“.

Video is courtesy of the DAHBOO77 YouTube channel

The following are LINKS to Official Microsoft Patches for assorted versions of Windows (including Windows XP). Download English language security updates at the following links:

Windows Server 2003 SP2 x64,

Windows Server 2003 SP2 x86,

Windows XP SP2 x64,

Windows XP SP3 x86,

Windows XP Embedded SP3 x86,

Windows 8 x86,

Windows 8 x64

Click on this link to download localized versions of the security update for Windows XP, Windows 8 or Windows Server: http://www.catalog.update.microsoft.com/Search.aspx?q=KB4012598

Link to the important Microsoft Windows MS17-010 Security Update: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/security/ms17-010.aspx

Click on this link to visit Microsoft’s site to read their post titled: “Customer Guidance for WannaCrypt attacks”.

Click on this link to view other CyberSecurity related posts found on Uniquely Toronto.

 

Posted by Vincent Banial

Disclaimer: The above post is subject to change without notice. There may be unintentional errors in the above post.

How to disable SMB to stop WannaCry Ransomware. Also links to Microsoft Patches for Windows to stop WannaCry Ransomware

UPDATE May 14 at 3:00pm – added more ways to disable SMB

Some Cyber Weapons which were apparently developed by a National Spy Service to break into enemy computers, were supposedly stolen. Then some of the code for the Cyber Weapons was released to the public, on 14 April, through a dump by a group called Shadow Brokers.

On May 12 2017, a new Ransomware was released on the Internet. It utilized some of the code found in the Cyber Weapons and also a Malware called WannaCry. Hundreds of thousands of computers around the globe got hit. Then a kill switch was set off which dramatically slowed and possibly will stop the Ransomware from spreading further.

Stop the presses. A new version 2 of the WannaCry Malware is now out, which no longer has the Kill Switch code. That will make it difficult to stop.

The Hacker News facebook page posted a solution. Essentially their posts stated to disable the SMB service within Windows. It is not needed and is enabled for backwards compatibility.

Ok, but how do you disable SMB in Windows?

In Windows go to Control Panel. In Control Panel go to the icon labeled “Programs”. Click on it. Then under Programs and Features click on Turn Windows Features on and off. Once there, just scroll down till you find SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support. Make sure the checkbox to the left of SMB 1.0 is “NOT” checked off. Then click OK and then close control Panel. Reboot the computer.

In my Windows 10 it was already off (unchecked).

Video is courtesy of the Andr.oid Eric YouTube channel

Video is courtesy of the HatimTech YouTube channel

Another way to disable SMB is by using the Registry Editor. The following Video shows how to do it in Windows 7.

Video is courtesy of the Brxtt Tech YouTube channel

Another way to do it is to key in a Powershell command. That is like a super DOS Prompt. Open a Powershell Window and key in the following (but not the Quotes):

Disable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName SMB1protocol

Press Enter and you should be good to go after you reboot the computer. I would double check in ControlPanel. Better safe than sorry.

Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 introduce the new Set-SMBServerConfiguration Windows PowerShell cmdlet. The cmdlet enables you to enable or disable the SMBv1, SMBv2, and SMBv3 protocols on the server component.

  • To obtain the current state of the SMB server protocol configuration, run the following cmdlet:

    Get-SmbServerConfiguration | Select EnableSMB1Protocol, EnableSMB2Protocol
  • To disable SMBv1 on the SMB server, run the following cmdlet:
          Set-SmbServerConfiguration -EnableSMB1Protocol $false
  • You do not have to restart the computer after you run the Set-SMBServerConfiguration cmdlet. But I would restart the computer.

To enable or disable SMB protocols on an SMB Server that is running Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Vista, or Windows Server 2008, use Windows PowerShell or Registry Editor.
Windows PowerShell 2.0 or a later version of PowerShell

  • To disable SMBv1 on the SMB server, run the following cmdlet:

    Set-ItemProperty -Path “HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer\Parameters” SMB1 -Type DWORD -Value 0 -Force
  • Note you must restart the computer after you make these changes.

REGISTRY. To enable or disable SMBv1 on the SMB server, configure the following registry key:
Registry subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer\ParametersRegistry entry: SMB1

REG_DWORD: 0 = Disabled

REG_DWORD: 1 = Enabled
Default: 1 = Enabled
Restart the computer after making the changes to the Registry.

How to enable or disable SMB protocols on the SMB client
Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 8, and Windows Server 2012
To disable SMBv1 on the SMB client, run the following commands:

     sc.exe config lanmanworkstation depend= bowser/mrxsmb20/nsi

     sc.exe config mrxsmb10 start= disabled
     Restart the computer after executing the above.

If that is the hole inside all Windows Versions that existed prior to the Mar 2017 Microsoft Patch, then it has been around for ages.

Click on this link to visit The Hackers News Facebook page.

Click on this link to visit The Hackers News website.

The following are LINKS to Official Microsoft Patches for assorted versions of Windows (including Windows XP). Download English language security updates:

Windows Server 2003 SP2 x64,

Windows Server 2003 SP2 x86,

Windows XP SP2 x64,

Windows XP SP3 x86,

Windows XP Embedded SP3 x86,

Windows 8 x86,

Windows 8 x64

To download localized versions for the security update for Windows XP, Windows 8 or Windows Server: http://www.catalog.update.microsoft.com/Search.aspx?q=KB4012598

General information on ransomware: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/security/portal/mmpc/shared/ransomware.aspx

MS17-010 Security Update: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/security/ms17-010.aspx

Click on this link to visit Microsoft’s site to read their post titled: “Customer Guidance for WannaCrypt attacks”.

One final note which is bugging me. People are saying that this Ransomware is a “VIRUS“. WannaCry Ransomware is “NOT” a Virus. The WannaCry Ransomware is a vastly more complex computer “WORM“, hence it’s ability to find Windows computers connected to a network.

Click on this link to view other CyberSecurity related posts found on Uniquely Toronto.

 

Posted by Vincent Banial

Disclaimer: Everything in the post above is subject to change without notice. There could be unintentional errors. Please confirm all info via the linked to websites and web pages. The WannaCry Malware has already been changed (minus the Kill Switch). Disabling SMB may not prevent future versions from affecting your computer. Best Practice is to always create daily backups